Skip to content

Fabric Care & Maintenance

Find answers to your questions here.

So what kind of care does fabric require?  Well that’s a complicated answer.  The first step would be to understand some of the technical information included with your fabrics. Cleaning Codes Fire Codes Double Rubs   Do I stain treat my fabric or just use use the cleaning codes provided. Does stain treating my fabric change my cleaning code? How to get the most out of your investment. UV protective coating.

Fire Codes

Fire Codes 

Please check with your local fire marshal if needed, for your specific fire code needs.

CAL 117 – California Technical Bulletin 117, Section E (CS 191-53)

The California Technical Bulletin 117, Section E requires testing in accordance with the same procedure as CS 191-53. Using this method, a 2” x 6” specimen is placed into the tester situated at a 45 degree angle. The surface of the test specimen is touched by a 5/8” long pencil-thin flame for a period of 1 second. The rating criteria are either “Pass” (Did Not Ignite) or “Fail” (Ignites).

FAR 25.853 (b) – Federal Aviation Regulation

Aircraft: floor covering, draperies, seat cushions, upholstery, padding, decorative, and non-decorative coated fabrics, etc.

MVSS 302 – Motor Vehicle Safety Standard

This protocol is currently in use by the automotive industry for fabrics used in vehicles. The fabric is placed in a horizontal position and allows the test flame to burn at one end. As the fabric burns away from the test flame it is gradually relieved of the heat and combustion front until within a distance of 1.5 inches from the flame. The test measures flame spread from a point 1.5 inches from the flame to 11.5 inches from the flame. Any flame spread that is 4 inches per minute or less is acceptable.

MVSS 302 – Motor Vehicle Safety Standard – Horizontal Burn

Sample sizes 4” x 14”, maximum 4 inches per minute burn rate.

NFPA 260 – Cigarette Ignition Resistance

Standard methods of tests and classification system for cigarette ignition resistance of components of upholstered furniture.

NFPA 701 – Small Scale Standard for Flame Tests of Textiles

Draperies, blankets, bedspreads, quilts, mattress ticking, sheets, upholstery fabrics, wall hangings, outside coverings. This recently revised test places the fabric specimen in a vertical position while a test flame is held to the lower edge for 12 seconds before the flame is removed. The test requires that any after-flame must be extinguished within 2 seconds of the removal of the test flame, that no flaming drippings touch the test chamber floor, and that the char length be limited according to the weight of the fabric.

NFPA 701 – Vertical Burn

12 second ignition, sample sizes 3.5” x 10”, maximum flame time 2 seconds, maximum burn length specified, no drop to floor.

UFAC – Upholstered Furniture Action Council

This test is often referred to as the (Cigarette Test) because the purpose is to classify the fabric on it’s propensity to resist cigarette ignition when tested in combination with a standard foam cushioning material. The candidate fabric is used to cover small pieces of a standard foam cushioning material. The test pieces (fabric over the foam) are placed on a small test rig, simulating a chair back and seat. A lighted cigarette is placed in the crevice where the back and the seat of the chair meet. To intensify the heat, the cigarette is covered by a piece of cotton sheeting fabric. This test records the extent of vertical burning (char length) on the back section of the seat assembly and whether or not ignition occurred.

Cleaning Codes

Cleaning codes are established by the Joint Industry Fabric Standards Committee 

Cleaning Code:

  • Dry Clean ONLY

Cleaning Code:

  • Spot clean only with a water-free dry cleaning solvent.
  • Do not saturate or use water.
  • When cleaning a spill, blot immediately to remove spilled material.

Cleaning Code: SIB

  • See inside back cover of sample book for detailed cleaning instructions.

Cleaning Code: WS

  • Spot clean with upholstery shampoo, foam from a mild detergent, or mild dry cleaning solvent.
  • Do not saturate.


Cleaning Code: W

  • Spot clean only with a water based shampoo or foam upholstery cleaner.
  • Do not oversaturate or use water, or use solvents to spot clean.
  • Blot immediately to remove any spilled material.

Cleaning Code: X

  • Clean only by vacuuming or light brushing with a non-metallic, stiff bristle brush.
  • Do not use water or solvent based cleaner.

Flock Fabrics

  • Spot clean only with a water based shampoo or foam upholstery cleaner.
  • Do not over wet, or use solvents to spot clean.
  • Use cautious agitation or rubbing while fabric is damp, as flock fabrics are sensitive to pile distortion and texture change with too much agitation.
  • Use extreme caution if using a professional cleaning service.
  • Allow to dry at least 24 hours before use after cleaning.

Note:  Pretest a small, inconspicuous area before proceeding with any step below. Clean spots or stains from the outside to the middle of the affected area, to prevent circling. Cushion covers should not be removed for laundering or dry cleaning. Hot water extraction or steam cleaning is not a recommended method of cleaning. Pile fabrics may require brushing with a nonmetallic, stiff bristle brush to restore appearance. To prevent overall soiling, frequent vacuuming or light brushing with a non-metallic, stiff brush to remove dust and grime is recommended. Overall cleaning by a professional furniture cleaning service only is recommended.


Residential & Commercial Upholstery

Whether you have furniture to reupholster or a sewing project in mind we can meet all your needs.

Custom Built Furniture

We can build and upholster custom cornice boards, headboards, footboards, or ottomans to your specification.

Free Service Estimates

If your just trying to figure out a budget or are ready to get started contact us to get an estimate.

Fabrics & Treatment

Let us help you find the perfect fabric for your project and get the most life out of your investment.

Hand Made Products

Ever expanding inventory of Hand Bags & Masks & many new ideas to come.

Contact Us!

Looking for an awesome design for your next project?